Industry 4.0 is coming. Some people expect that it will eliminate all traditional industries within 10 years and will cause a huge revolution in social life. Germany, the first to propose this concept, took the lead in the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0), setting off a new wave of industrial revolution in the world. Then, what kind of fate will China make in this wave?

Industry 4.0 Challenge

Industry 4.0 was first proposed by Germany. After the financial crisis, almost all developed countries' economies were sluggish, but Germany relied on manufacturing, not only with low unemployment and rapid economic growth, which made the German government aware that manufacturing was an indispensable pillar of German economic growth. Thus, in April 2013, the German government launched the "Protecting the Future of German Manufacturing: Recommendations for Implementing the Industry 4.0 Strategy."

Subsequently, the countries of the world paid close attention to and began to lay out their layouts and strive for the right to speak in the manufacturing industry: The United States launched the "Industrial Internet" strategy in December 2014, connecting virtual networks with entities to form a more efficient production system; Japan in 2015 1 On the 23rd, the "New Robot Strategy" was launched; France launched the "New Industry France" program; China also launched the "China Made 2025" 10-year strategic plan in 2015.

As we all know, the first industrial revolution (Industry 1.0) took place in the UK, Industry 1.0 was driven by steam to mechanize; the second industrial revolution (Industry 2.0) was driven by electricity for mass production; the third industrial revolution (Industry 3.0) It is driven by electronic information technology; the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) is called intelligence.

Intelligentization is the hallmark of Industry 4.0

In the past, in the era of industry 1.0, 2.0 to 3.0, it was necessary to pass through the five major modules of raw materials, machinery and equipment, factories, transportation and sales, all of which were fixed links. "Industry 4.0" is to apply new technologies such as the Internet of Things and intelligence to improve the manufacturing level, transform the manufacturing industry into an intelligent one, and realize real-time management by determining the network technology such as the manufacturing process. Its “bottom-up” production model revolution not only saves innovative technology, cost and time, but also has the potential and opportunities to nurture new markets.

A key point of Industry 4.0 is “raw material (material)” = “information”. Specifically, the raw materials purchased in the factory are “posted” with a label: this is the XX product produced for the A customer, and the raw material in the XX process. To be precise, the “raw materials” containing information are used in smart factories, and “raw materials (materials)” = “information” is realized, and manufacturing will eventually become a part of the information industry.

Take the German shuttle Harley locomotive production plant as an example. In the era before Industry 3.0, it took 21 days to produce a Harley locomotive because its production process was all fixed mechanized. However, in the era of Industry 4.0, a customer ordered an individual customized motorcycle at 9:00 in the morning. All five modules were “live”. According to the needs of customers, they searched for raw materials and re-packaged their own factories. A custom-made motorcycle can be delivered to the customer within 6 hours. Not only is efficiency increased, but costs are also greatly reduced.

The goal of Industry 4.0 is smart manufacturing, extending intelligence to specific factories, which are smart factories. In a smart factory, the first is a machine to produce a machine, or to produce itself. The second is the unmanned factory, or the black light factory, or the 100% smart factory, where people and smart machines coexist.

Smart factories are a new stage in the development of modern factories. They are based on digitalization, using IoT technology and equipment monitoring technology to enhance information and services. The smart factory has three characteristics: the first feature is that the information infrastructure is highly interconnected, including production equipment, robots, operators, materials and finished products; the second is that the manufacturing process data is real-time, and the production data has a smooth beat and arrival flow. The storage and processing of data is also real-time; the third is that data can be used for data mining and analysis, with self-learning functions, and can also improve the process of not optimizing the manufacturing process. The development trend of smart factories is from flexible to agile to intelligent to informational.

Business models are critical to manufacturing. In the era of Industry 4.0, the future business model of manufacturing is to solve customer problems. Therefore, in the future, manufacturing companies will not only sell hardware, but also provide after-sales service and other follow-up services to obtain more added value. This is soft manufacturing.

The system with "information" function becomes the new core of hardware products, which means that personalized needs and mass customization will become the trend. Entrepreneurs in the manufacturing industry should increase the added value of products as much as possible in the manufacturing process, expand more and richer services, propose better and better solutions, meet the individual needs of consumers, and go "soft". The road to sexual manufacturing + personalized customization. In this way, China's manufacturing enterprises can keep up with the pace of the global industrial revolution, from "Made in China" to "China's wisdom."

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